Six Types of Training and Development Techniques Six Types of Training and Development Techniques
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1.On-the-job Training and Lectures
The two most steadily used kinds of training are on-the-job training and lectures, though little research exists as to the effectiveness of either. It’s often inconceivable to show somebody everything she needs to know at a location away from the workplace. Thus on-the-job training usually supplements other kinds of training, e.g., classroom or off-site training; but on-the-job training is continuously the only type of training. It’s often informal, which means, sadly, that the trainer does not concentrate on the training as a lot as she should, and the trainer could not have a well-articulated picture of what the novice needs to learn.
On-the-job training isn’t successful when used to avoid creating a training program, although it can be an efficient part of a well-coordinated training program.
Lectures are used because of their low cost and their capacity to succeed in many people. Lectures, which use one-way communication as opposed to interactive learning techniques, are much criticized as a training device.
2. Programmed Instruction (PI)
These devices systematically current info to the learner and elicit a response; they use reinforcement rules to promote appropriate responses. When PI was initially developed within the Nineteen Fifties, it was regarded as useful only for fundamental subjects. In the present day the strategy is used for skills as various as air traffic control, blueprint reading, and the evaluation of tax returns.
3. Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI)
With CAI, students can learn at their own pace, as with PI. Because the student interacts with the computer, it is believed by many to be a more dynamic learning device. Instructional alternate options could be quickly chosen to suit the student’s capabilities, and performance could be monitored continuously. As instruction proceeds, data are gathered for monitoring and improving performance.
4. Audiovisual Techniques
Each television and film prolong the range of skills that can be taught and the way info could also be presented. Many systems have electronic blackboards and slide projection equipment. Using strategies that mix audiovisual systems corresponding to closed circuit television and telephones has spawned a new term for this type of training, teletraining. The function on ” Sesame Street ” illustrates the design and analysis of one in all television’s favorite children’s program as a training device.
Training simulations replicate the essential characteristics of the real world which might be essential to produce each learning and the transfer of new knowledge and skills to application settings. Both machine and other types of simulators exist. Machine simulators usually have substantial degrees of. physical fidelity; that is, they characterize the real world’s operational equipment. The main goal of simulation, nonetheless, is to produce psychological fidelity, that is, to reproduce in the training those processes that might be required on the job. We simulate for a number of reasons, together with to manage the training environment, for safety, to introduce feedback and different learning principles, and to reduce cost.
6. Enterprise games
They’re the direct progeny of war games which have been used to train officers in fight techniques for hundreds of years. Virtually all early enterprise games were designed to show primary enterprise skills, however more current games additionally embody interpersonal skills. Monopoly is likely to be considered the quintessential enterprise game for young capitalists. It is probably the first place kids discovered the words mortgage, taxes, and go to jail.
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